In the ship building process a general arrangement of the ship will be created. The purpose of general arrangement drawings is to demonstrate how the ship architect has addressed the expressed needs of the owner/operator of the ship.
These preliminary drawings (plans) give architects, builders and owners a chance to see the basic - or general - arrangement of passenger and crew spaces, machinery rooms, stores, holds, tanks and engineering - before designs are finalized and yard work begins. But it's much more than just seeing how things look.
General Arrangements are drawn to
allow designers, builders and buyers a chance to
see into the future and consider not just what will
the ship look like, but how it will work.
for General Arrangements at the Dassault Web site
(click above) to learn how Dassault uses the latest
technologies to advance ship engineering, design
At the beginning of the 20th century ship yards commonly built from their own plans, rather than from those of independent naval architects. Yards worked repeatedly from the same designs. This was attractive to owners who saved the cost of commissioned (and possibly unique) plans. Of course, this approach may have saved money, but it could be argued that it also retarded advances in ship design and innovation. So, when 28-year-old William Francis Gibbs opened his workshop for ship design in a small cottage near Philadelphia (1914) he was bucking tradition. It wouldn't be the first or last time.
If you're ready to stretch your legs - click on the Main Deck plan - or come back here after you've checked out the next five pages and learned more.
The Big U in Blue
By 1943, Gibbs & Cox had drawings of “The Big” ship started. Officially G&C says the SS UNITED STATES first saw blue print in July 1945. Three years later the public got its first look - a model unveiled at a press conference in 1948. And six years after initial drawings, steel finally arrived at the yard and constructing the world’s fastest passenger liner could begin in Drydock # 10 at Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company.
By the time workers began assembling keel blocks in the bottom of the dry dock - years of preparation and many reviews of General Arrangments had already taken place. A long cherished dream was about to become reality.